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教学管理论文:高校教学管理创新措施

2021-02-04 09:57:20领导述职报告
教学管理论文:高校教学管理的创新措施教学管理论文:高校教学管理的创新措施随着社会经济的发展,社会对于

教学管理论文:高校教学管理的创新措施

教学管理论文:高校教学管理的创新措施

随着社会经济的发展,社会对于人才的要求已经转变为富有创新性的复合型人才,在我国高校是培育创新性人才的重要场所,而教学管理对于高校教育具有极其重要的作用。纵观我国高校教学管理的现状,大多数高校还是采用我们认识的传统教育管理模式,此种模式存在着不少的弊端和问题,已经不能够符合社会培养人才的要求。因此,本文将仔细分析高校教学管理中现存的问题。

2.1教学管理的思想观念比较落后

教学管理是整个高校教育的核心和关键,其思想观念决定着整个高校教育的基调。纵观我国目前高校教学管理的现状,其思想观念比较落后,不能够紧紧的跟随社会时代潮流的变化。一方面,教学管理人员的思想定位具有偏差,仅仅把自身当做管理者,态度时常居高临下,而不是深入课堂,深刻的了解学生和老师们的需要来进行教学管理,忽视了教师和学生才是教学中的主角,从而导致了教师的教学缺乏主动性和灵活性,学生的学习缺乏自主性,这样教学管理模式之下的教学效果和管理的预期之中的目标值会存在严重的偏差;另一方面,教学管理人员自身缺乏应有的素质,高校往往缺乏对于教学管理人员的定期培训,或者培训过于形式化,并不能真正的提升教学管理人员的素质水平,导致其思想观念跟不上时代的变化,从而教学管理模式过于落后,不能够培养出真正对于社会有用的优秀人才。

2.2教学管理机制不科学

教学管理机制的科学性决定着高校教学管理水平的高低,纵观我国目前高校教学管理机制的现状,其中也存在着不少的隐患。一方面,高校的教学管理机构的职责权利不分明,管理机构冗杂。在高校的教学管理中,为了方便教学和管理,高校常常有许多学院组成,并且院系是最基本的教学单位。但是在职责和权力的划分上,教学管理的权限往往集中的学校的管理机构,各个院系缺乏基本的教学管理权限,因此对于教师教学目标的实现和教学的状态,及其对于教师和学生的管理势必会弱化;另一方面,高校的教学管理考核工作缺乏科学性,高校针对教师的考核注重的是教师的教学工作量,重视科研却缺乏教学水平的要求,从而导致教师对于学生的讲课缺乏认真负责的态度,不能够所有人做到传授知识;而且对于教师的考核标准,缺乏时代性、社会性,往往是根据本校的教学状况和现状出发,而不是从和其他高校的对比中或者未来整个教育的要求,因此学校的教学管理模式缺乏时代性和先进性,从而很难培养出社会真正需要的人才。

2.3高校专业设置缺乏稳定性和清晰度

近几年来,我国的教育事业飞速发展,并且经济的飞速发展导致对于人才的需求量不断变大。为了迎合我国经济的发展和社会的需要,许多高校纷纷开始扩招和增设社会需求的热点专业,由此造成了很大的问题。一方面,由于高校不断的增设新的专业和扩招,或者是学院之间的合并和分离等,这都会导致教师必须不断的开设新的课程或者增加新的工作量,由于教师的精力和能力有限,随之带来的便是教师的教学质量的下降;另一方面,各个高校为了不断增加生源和在竞争激烈的教育行业占有一席之地,纷纷设立新专业增加学校的收入和影响,从而导致许多高校存在不同的院系专业相同或者相近,这样一反面造成了学校教师的工作压力,也会造成学校资源和人力、物力的极大浪费。因此,我国高校必须保证其专业设置具有稳定性和清晰度,这样才能保证高校的教学具有高质量。

3.1教学理念要时时更新,坚持以人为本

教学管理理念的决定着整个教学管理的基调,因此,我国高校必须跟随时代的变化不断更新教学管理的理念,真正的以人为本。一方面,在高校的教育中,教师和学生一直扮演着主角的角色,在实际的教学管理中,也必须以教师和学生的需求为中心,充分调动教师教学的主动性和创造性,调动学生学习的积极性,培养学生的自我意识、主体意识和创新意识,这样才能培养出社会所需的富有创新精神的复合型人才;另一方面,在高校的教学管理中必须要时时刻刻以教学为核心,规范和完善学校的咨询和反馈机制,允许学生和教师向学校的管理机构提出自己的意见和要求,帮助学校做出真正的符合教师教学实际、学生学习实际的决策,从而实现教学管理的目标。

3.2改变教学管理模式,完善教学管理机制

创新高校教学管理的关键之处便是改变传统的教学管理模式,建设一套实行社会时代的需求和符合高校实际的教学管理机制,从而创新高校的管理制度。一方面,在专业的设置上必须具有统一性,该权利必须归学校所有,学校针对各个专业的特点和课程设计、就业方向等进行严格的归类,避免不同院系之间设置相似的专业,这样不仅可以避免浪费学校大量的人力和物力,也可以避免因为专业相似而出现院系合并造成的损失。另一方面,各个高校要尽快实现学校和院系之间的两级管理模式,使院系不仅仅是基本的教学单位,也是基本的教学管理的主体。这样不仅有利于充分调动院系基本教学单位和教师对于教学管理的主动性,也有利于实现职责的明确性,有利于教学管理的监督。

3.3适应创新教学管理,全面提高教学管理人员的素质

教学管理人员在高校中不仅仅要扮演行政管理人员的角色,还要扮演学术管理的角色,因此,必须全面提高教学管理人员的素质,才能够保证教学管理人员在教学管理中不断创新,不断提升学校的教学管理水平。因此,一方面需要对于教学管理人员进行严格的考核,保证其具有较强的职业素养,从而保证其在工作中能够顾全大局,具有良好的职业道德,不断适应高校的教学管理的创新;另一方面,对于已经入职的教学管理人员必须进行定期的培训,保证其掌握现在教育与管理理论及相关学科知识,具有创新意识和创新能力,并且在创新高校教学管理中能够做到统筹兼顾和组织协调能力,从而不断提升高校的教学管理水平,培养出符合时代需要的杰出人才,不断提升我国的教育管理水平。

综上所述,我国的高校教学管理存在的主要问题体现在教学理念、教学机制和管理人员等方面,因此,在创新高校教学管理的过程中,必须要不断更新教学理念、改变教学管理模式、完善教学管理机制、提升教学管理人员的素质,从而不断创新高校教学管理,培养出为社会时代所需要的优秀人才,不断推进我国的教育改革。

[1]黄金莲,龙飞,莫艳云.高校教学管理模式的创新研究与实践[J].中国建设教育,2010.

[2]赵航.基于知识管理的高校教学管理创新[J].廊坊师范学院学报(自然科学版),2011.

it jumped to catch the rabbit, swallowed it.Survival of the road 2: if you want to stand and do nothing, then you must stand tall, very high.3, a bird bird fly to the south for the winter. The weather is very cold, and almost frozen bird. So, fly to a large space, after a cow there, in a pile of cow dung in the small bird, frozen bird lying on the dunghill, feel very warm, gradually gradually wake up, it is warm and comfortable lying, and soon began to sing songs, only a passing wildcat hear voices in the past and see, follow the voice of the wild cat soon found lying on the dunghill bird, pull it out to eat.Survival 3: not everyone often lead the dung upon your people are your enemies. Each of you is not pulled out of the dung midden people are your friends, and, when you lying on the dunghill lane, it is best to keep your mouth shut.4, there is a bottle bottom, this bottle is a troll storm. It is a five hundred years ago to check into the bottle fairy troll. The devil once made a wish, who can put this bottle picked up, opened the cork, and rescued him out, he would give this man a gold Jinshan. However, over the past five hundred years, no one has put up the bottle. Troll very annoyed. He said: "after the curse, if who rescued me, I will swallow up one of this individual." a young fisherman, he cast his net fishing, when he received the time, found an old bottle, the net, he hit the cork Open! A thick thick smoke blown out, slowly spit out a bigger than the mountain troll. "Ha ha!" Troll laughter, the earthquake shook up the turbulent sea. He said: "young man, you saved me, I should thank you, but do you get too late, if you put me in my early years saved, you can get a golden hill! Oh, I waited for five hundred years, I was too impatient, I have many of the evil is willing to help me out, take one bite!" the young man to eat a surprised, but immediately calm and said: "Yo, such a small bottle, how could you hold it, you must lie, You go back to the bottle and show me!""Ha ha ha ha, I will not be fooled! Arabian Nights had this old story before, if I go into the bottle, then you plug the plug, and the story does not finished?" "what do you see? Arabian Nights you are a learned enough" ah! You have seen the philosophy of Socrates philosophy? "" ha! The five five hundred years I hid in the bottle, poor reading day classics, to practice, not to mention Western masterpiece, the Oriental University, the doctrine of the mean, the Analects of Confucius, Mencius I have read well done. "Ah, in Chinese Taishigong records rather you research Mo-tse? The book has covered "meme" don't say,? No one after the history subset closed! "" but I think you must have seen the hand written copy of a dream of Red Mansions, which is a rare version of it! "" ha ha ha, you this guy too I underestimated this. The book collectors is me! Let me take you out to take a look! "Troll magic immediately into a smoke slowly into the bottle. This time Xu, the green years no longer hesitate fisherman, took a bottle of bottle stopper blocked.5, once before, there are two hungry people has been a gift of the elderly: a fishing rod and a basket of live fish. Among them, one to a basket fish, another person a fishing rod, so they get the fish people. Part company each going his own way the original place dry wood put up the bonfire to boil the fish, he devoured, did not taste a fish meat flavor, instant, and fish soup with which he ate, and soon, he starved to death in the empty fish creel. Another one is carrying the fishing rod to starve. Step by step difficult difficult to go to the sea, but when he has not seen the blue sea Yang, he was the last bit of strength and make out, he can only afford to Pakistan zone endless regret left the world.There are two hungry people, they also received the elderly gift of a fishing rod and a basket fish. But he they did not, but the producers agreed together to find the sea, they each only cook a fish, they passed away the distant journey, came to the sea, from since then, two people start a fishing day, a few years later, they built a house, have their own family, son of children, have built their own fishing boat, and live a happy and healthy life.Only the immediate interests of a person, it will eventually get the joy was short-lived; one lofty goal, but also to face the reality of life. Only when the ideal and reality combine, it may become a successful person. Sometimes, a simple truth, but a full life give meaningful enlightenment.6 Confucius, a student in the porridge, found things falling into the dirty pot. He went quickly with a soup spoon it up, just want to put it away, suddenly thought of a porridge meal are not easily won. He took it eat it. / you Confucius into the kitchen room, that he was to see, they taught the students for cooking. Through the explanation, we only see light suddenly. The hole Confucius regrets say: "I have to see things not really, not to mention is listen to road?"Enlightenment: push the sale is a kind of organizational nature of business students, because many people, the personnel problem is also too much. We often hear is non resolution to distinguish words, such as a company against another company, such as is often confusing, is not, affect confidence. Therefore to find out the truth. Not easily believe the rumors, hard to establish the cause of industry will not be destroyed on one day.7, there is a scholar third performers, live in a regular store to live. Test two days before he had three dreams, the first dream is a dream on the wall white cabbage, second dream is a rainy day, he was also wearing a bamboo hat umbrella, third dream. Is the dream with the beloved cousin stripped the clothes lying together, but the back to back.This dream seems to have three deep meaning, born on the second day of the dream telling. To find a fortune telling, lianpai thigh, said: "you still go home now. You see, the high walls of vegetables is not in vain? Wearing hats umbrella umbrella did not make an unnecessary move? Dudu naked lying with my cousin in a bed, but back to back, did not?"One scholar, downhearted, back to the shop to pack up and prepare to go home plate. The shop owner is very strange, ask: "tomorrow is not genius exam today, how do you go back home?" the scholar said such a music shop owner: "Yo, I would dream of, I think. And, this time you must stay. You want to think about it, the wall is not high not that you wear hats umbrella once prepared against want with your cousin? Naked in bed on the back, not to say that when you have to stand up to you?"A scholar, more reasonable, thus encouraging the spirit to take the exam, even in a third overall.The positive pole of people, like the sun, according to where where bright, negative people, like the moon, the first fifteen are not the same. The idea of a decision to set our lives, what kind of thinking about the law, there is what kind of future.8, one day the zoo keepers found kangaroos run away from the cage, and then met to discuss, that is the height of the cage is too low. So they decided to cage height from the ten meters to twenty meters higher. The results of the second day they also found the kangaroo or come out, so they decided then to the height of thirty meters.I did not expect the next day and actually see kangaroos run to an outside, so the tube administrators are nervous, decided not to do two endlessly, the height of the cage to one hundred meters high gaga.One day a giraffe and a few kangaroos in the chat, "you see, these people will no longer continue raising your cage?" asked the deer neck long necked."It's hard to say," said the bag kangaroo. "If they continue to forget to close the door!"In fact, a lot of people are like this, only know that there is a problem, but can not grasp the core and foundation of the problem.9, in a small village and, under a very large storm flood, floods submerged the whole village began, a priest in the church to pray the father, seeing the flood has was up to his knees knees. A lifeguard driving a sampan came to the church hall, with the priest said: "father, please hurry up! Or will you Flood flood drowned!" the priest said: "no! I am confident that God will save me, you better start to save others"Not long after, the floods have father's chest chest, the priest stood on the altar to sacrifice. At this time, and a police police speedboat drove over with the priest said: "father, hurry up, otherwise you really will be drowned!" the priest said: "no and I would like to keep my church, I believe that God will save me. You'd better start to save others"After a while, the floods have submerged the whole church, the priest only had to seize cross cross the top of the church. A helicopter flying over slowly, after the pilot dropped a rope ladder shouting: "father, come on, this is the last chance, we don't want to see you by the flood of cocoa drowned!!!" the priest or strong willed said: "no, I want to keep my church hall! God will save me. You'd better start to save others. God will be with me were the emperor!!"The flood water poured in, the priest finally drowned. The priest went to heaven hall, saw God angry in the matter to ask: "Lord, I give their life, the fear serve you, why what you refuse to help me!" God said: "I do not want to the first time you save? I sent a sampan to rescue you, you do not, I think you are worried about the risk sampan second times; I sent a yacht to you, or not; second, I, Ambassador of etiquette when you send a helicopter to rescue you. If you are unwilling to accept the results. So, I thought you wanted to hurry back to my side. Come, can be good with me ""In fact, too many obstacles in life is all right, because of excessive stubbornness and ignorance ignorance. In helping others out of the occasion, don't forget, when we are also willing to reach out to, and help other people get on the busy!!!!10, five year old Hank and father mother brother work together to the forest, suddenly began to rain, but they only took a poncho. Dad will rain poncho to mom, mom gave my brother, brother to Hank. Hank asked and asked: "why my father to the mother. And my mother gave my brother, brother gave me?" the father replied: "because the father than the mother, mother and brother brother than strong, powerful than you. We will compare the protection of small weak people. Hank looked around, and ran to put up the rain open in a wind fluttering delicate little flower.The real strong does not necessarily is effective, or more money, but he was there to help others. Liability allows us to complete the matter, love allows us to do a good job.11, one night, already very late, an older couple walked into a hotel, they want a room. The waiter replied: "sorry, our hotel is full, no one room is left." look at the old couple looked tired, the waiter said. "But let me think of a way"Described here, you want to continue to have a mathematical following, or are willing to get a literary outcome, but no matter how, mathematics and literature will break up here..This is the story of the development of Mathematics: the good start is the waiter hand for the elderly to solve the room: he wakes up the hotel has been sleeping under the housing tenants, ask them to change the place: room 11 for guests to room 2, room 2, room 3 to room for guests and so on., until each tenant from their room to the next room. Then the miracle: Room 1 was empty. The waiter will pleased the old couple and arranged in. Without increasing the room, did not reduce the guests, two elderly people at all the room is full of guests, but Only by allowing often a guest to the next room, the first room emptied, why is this? /, originally, two elderly people into the mathematics famous Hilbert Hotel, it is thought that there are numerous room tour the museum. The story is David Hilbert the great scientist tells him, mathematics, mathematics has drawn out the "infinite" concept. The concept of the subject is important, but it can be said that without it we can hardly imagine how math will exist. As long as people know to count the whole, every integer has a successor until no Mathematics is a science of infinite poverty.Well, we return to the waiter said "let me think of a way". The story is that the literature and so on. This literature waiter should more rich and love, of course when he could not bear to let the old man out of the night to find another hotel. But in such a small city. I'm afraid the other hotel has full closed, the tired tired old man would not flow on the streets in the middle of the night? So good it will lead to the old waiter to a room, said: "maybe it is not the best, but now, I can do now is actually a whole this kind of neat and clean room." see the elderly, be happy To live down.The second day, when they came to the front desk at the checkout, the waiter told them: "no, because I just put their house by loan you stayed one night, I wish you a pleasant journey!". Their waiter did not sleep So that is what it is.: one night, he is worth a night in the night before. The 22 old people are very moved. The old man said: "my child, you are the best I have seen the hotel operator. You will be rewarded." the waiter smiled and said, this is not what. He sent the old man out of the door, and then from the busy has the matter, has forgotten this matter. All two net unexpectedly one day, Shi Those who received a letter, open look, there is a one-way ticket to New York machine and has a brief postscript, hired him to do another job. He came to New York by plane, according to the letter of the road marked route to a place looked up to see a Jinbi splendid hotel with standing in front of him. Originally, the night a few months ago, he received is a billionaire millionaire millionaire. Weng and his wife bought a hotel for the waiter waiter, convinced that he would manage the letter of this hotel shop. Is the world's first manager Hilton hotel with a great reputation and the legendary story.Things are compassionate from a rich, full of love the wisdom mind: "let me start to think of a way. In mathematics field, we need a certain logic logical inference, and precise solution to verify the reasonable; to the world of literature, with borrow is good human nature, touching plot and unexpected and happy ending.. but you found no: whether literature or mathematics, outcomes are magical -- with the original wisdom is able to produce a miracle.12, a pair of brothers, they lived on the 80 floors upstairs. One day they travel for home, found the building power outage! Although they carry big luggage, but it seems not what other choice, so to my brother said to the brother, we will climb the stairs so they go on! Carrying two big baggage began to climb the stairs. Climb to the 20 floor when they start up, "said the elder brother. The bag is too heavy, and as such, we put the bag here, so call to take the elevator." then they put the luggage put on the 20 floor, easy more, continue to climb.They have said to have smiled and climbed to 40, but good times don't last long, floor, two people are really tired. Thought has also climbed only half, two people begin to complain about each other, accused each other do not pay attention to the building power outage announcement will come to this fate. They quarreled edge while climbing it climbed up to the 600 floor to the 60 floor. They get tired, they had no strength to quarrel. His younger brother said, "we don't make it, climb it." then they continue to climb stairs in silence, and finally to the 800 floor! Brothers excitedly came to the door they found that their keys left in the 20 floor bag... 。Some people say that this story is actually a reflection of our life: 200 years old, we live in the family, under the old teacher's expectation, burdened with a lot more pressure and burden, also not mature enough, lack of ability, so the walking shoe is unsteady.20 years later, leaving the public pressure the bag, remove the burden, we spare no effort to pursue his own dreams, so happily lived for 20 years. But in the 40 year, youth is gone, I have many regrets and repent, then begin to regret this, regret that a hug, complain about this, that resentment on this. So complaining about moderate The past 20 years. At the age of 60, and found that life is not much left, then tell yourself not to complain, and cherish the rest of the day day! So quietly walked from his years. To the end side of life, just think of yourself like what things are not finished originally, we all dreams are in the 20 year old youth, and have not had time to complete.13, there is a performance play before the masters, his disciples tell him loose shoelace. Thanks to the master nodded, squat down carefully is good. Wait until after the turn of the disciples, then squat down to the shoes loose shoelace. There is an observer to see all of this, asked: "master, you why should the shoelace loose?" the master replied: "because I played a hard journey, journey to let his shoelace loose open, can through the details of the performance of his tired haggard." "why did you not tell what your brother son" he can carefully discover my shoes shoelaces loose, and eager to Tell me I, I must protect his enthusiasm of this enthusiasm, in a timely manner to encourage him to encourage, as to why the lace will be opened, there will be more opportunities to teach him his performance, you can say again next time "A man can only do one thing, understand the focus, is the real talent.14, a person in the top of the mountain Yingchao, caught a young eagle, young eagle he brought home, and raised in the cages. The young eagle and chicken pecking, play and rest. It is thought he was a chicken. The Eagle Eagle grew wings plump, the main owner want to train falcons, but because all day and chicken mixed together, it has become exactly the same as the chicken, the root had no desire to fly. Try to master a variety of ways, and have no effect, and finally put it to the top of the hill, it threw a out. The eagle like stone like, straight fall, panic disorder. It is hard to swat wings Bang, so, it finally flew up!Tip: hone the strength of the call to success15, a man named Abag everyone living in Inner Mongolia grassland. One, the young Abag and his dad lost his way on the prairie, Abag was tired and afraid, and finally a quick walk. My father from his pocket coin coins, a coin is buried in the grass. And, the rest are put up in the hands of Abag, said: "life is a gold coin, children's childhood, youth, youth, middle age, old age each have one, you can now use a, is buried in the grass that one, you can't take a throw in the grass the grassland, you should be a little bit of land, often times with different, so don't waste your life Today we must be out of the prairie, you will one must go out of the grassland. The world is very big, and people alive, will go some place, and see more, do not let your gold does not use the discarded. "His father encouraged, the day abage out of the prairie grass grew up., abage left home and became an outstanding captain.The secret: cherish life, can be able to get out of the frustration of the swamp.166, there are two brothers, aged 44 at the age of five, however, as the bedroom windows are closed all day, they think Aya Chita dark, see outside the bright sun, feel very envious. Brother brother two discuss said: "we can put together outside the sun came to sweep a little. Then, the two brothers with a broom broom and dustpan to sweep up the sun sun terrace. When they moved to the dustpan when the inside of the room, there will be no sunshine. So again and again 33 so many times, the house is a little sunshine in the kitchen are not. A busy mother surprised to see them move up, Asked: "what are you doing?" they replied: "the room is dark, we have to sweep the sun in," she said with a smile: "as long as the windows open, the sun will come in, why should we sweep it?""Tip: to the closed door open, the success of Yang Yangguang will be able to disperse the failure of the dark.17, after the rain, a spider hard to the wall has been climbing to the net is reduced to fragments, due to damp walls, it climbed to a certain height, it will fall, and it is time to climb, and once again fall. The first person to see, he sighed and said say to himself: "my life is not as this spider? Bustling about without income." thus, he increasingly depressed. See the second person, he said: This spider really stupid, why not from the dry side and climbed up to look around the place? I like it would be kind of stupid. Thus, he becomes wise up third. A person to see, he was immediately spiders keep the spirit of war touched sense. So he became strong.Tip: there is a successful attitude of the people everywhere can find the power of success.18, someone in the shelter under the eaves of rain, Guanyin is Chengsan see through it. This person said: "Avalokiteshvara, a Purdue beings, with me for a while"Yin said: "I am in the rain, and you are under the eaves, and no rain, you do not need my degree." these people immediately jump out of the eaves, standing in the rain: "now I am also the rain, and the degree of me?" Yin said: "you in the rain, I was in the rain, I will not be poured, because there are umbrella; you are the rain, because no umbrella. So I am not of their own, but in my umbrella. You want, don't have to look for me, please ask for the umbrella to go!" said after he left.The second day, the people have encountered difficulties, then go to the temple for the concept of Guanyin. Entering the temple, Guanyin found sound like the former a person in worship, that the man grows and the goddess of mercy, no less. As like as two peas.The man asked, "are you a goddess of mercy?""The man replied, "I am the goddess of mercy"The man asked again, "why do you worship yourself?""Guanyin laughed: "I have encountered difficulties, but I don't know, ask yourself"Tip: the success of those who help themselves.19, an old man in a train travelling at high speed, no little girl bought the new shoes out from the window one by one, surrounded by people who feel sorry, not only the elderly immediately second shoe from the window go away. This move is even more let people be startled at. The old man explained that: "this shoe, no matter how expensive, for me has been useless, as if anyone can pick up a pair of shoes, said maybe he can wear it!"Secret tactic: successful at giving up20, some big companies to hire one car drivers, through layers of screening and examination, only three of the most excellent technical competitors. The examiners who asked them: "there is a gold sub cliff, you open a car to take, can feel almost from the cliff and not as for the drop off?""Two meters," said the first."Half meter," said the second."I will try to stay away from the cliff, the more far better." said the third.The results of the company admitted to the third place.Tip: do not, and the temptation of war, but rather should be isolated as far as possible.21, the ancient Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu, one day he called his disciples to the bedside, he opened his mouth with a finger inside the mouth, and then asked the disciples to see what? The presence of the third child no one can answer.So Lao Tzu told him they said: "man with no teeth, tongue and ringing in" the meaning is: the teeth should be hard but it is not long life; tongue should be soft, but stronger vitality.22, to wit Tang Bohu in Jiangnan pilgrimage to come Chou Heung, a temple in the southern encounter love at first sight, then students were married. So this means, he followed Chou to Taishi Fu, but also try to study with the identity of their entering into the house, got the chance to contact the autumn scholar, after in the house multiple contact and Chou token, were rejected. Once Xiang Chou Chou was locked into the woodshed, but Tang Bohu was not discouraged, and invited friends to zhuzhishan help, in a good opportunity, in the friends under the guidance of winning scholar into marriage so far, Jiangnan wets dreams come true not only is only. Good is Tang Bohu in marriage from saying Fu sneak is not too Frence leave, but this is his face, he was the best choice.Revelation: 1, the target must be clear; 2, to achieve the objectives of the measures to be effective; 3, to keep on fighting and the appropriate time please expert help, after all, is sometimes a spectator 4, achieve the goal clear; dreams come true after can timely switch the go.23, the old monk monk tour travel articles, when passers-by a river; the son to see a woman trying to cross the river, but not too old. The old monk will take the initiative to back the woman over the river, and then put down women, and the little monk and went on. The little monk can not help muttering: how a master all the way dare to? A woman back across the river? Go all the way, all the way to, finally could not resist, and said: "master, you are a? What a woman back? The old monk sighed: I was down, but you still can not let go!!Revelation: The gentleman is open and at ease. small, everyone is unhappy and worried; broad-minded, cheerful thoughts, failing to take up, put it down, and to always maintain a healthy heart and mind.25, a psychology professor who taught to the madhouse visits, understand the life state of a madman son. One day down, do you think these people are crazy, acting out is eye-opening. Think beyond all expectations, not to return, have found themselves under the tires were lost. "Sure which is the madman!" the professor so angrily thought, took the spare tyre for loading. It is serious. Under the tires of people were also under the screw down. No screw spare wheel will not go ah! Professor helpless. In his very anxious time, a crazy son skipped come, mouth sing an unknown song of joy Song. He found the plight of the professor, stopped to ask what had happened.Professor, too lazy to ignore him, but out of courtesy or tell him.Madman laughed and said: "I have the means!" he has a screw from each tire above it, so to get three screws to install spare wheel installed.Thanks Professor surprised I was curious: "are you how to think of this approach?" crazy madman laughed: "I was crazy, but I can not fool ah!""In fact, there are many people on the earth, because they found in the work of the fun, and ordinary people is not always shown the same enthusiasm, make it difficult to understand. Many people are crazy in the joke when they laugh at him, others might still fool him then. A dull, doing things Congcong, in particular Chinese is a variety of good life attitude.26, there are two monks living next door, the next segment is next to the mountain, the two mountains they were living in the adjacent temple. There is a stream between the two hills, so these two monks every day at the same time to stream down the mountain water water, for a long time but for a long time he you become to good friends.This time on every day to pick the water imperceptibly has been 55 years. Suddenly one day left the mountain monk without carrying water down the mountain, on the right side of the mountain monk thought: "he is almost overslept." will not take it seriously.Wh